Smoking & Tobacco Articles

Tobacco related articles and smoking regulation in the USA. Interesting facts on cigarette smoking. Top tobacco news.

Thursday, March 31, 2011

Bond Street Super Slims Silver Cigarettes

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Bond Street Super Slims Silver Cigarettes

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Camel Black Super Slims Cigarettes

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Camel Black Super Slims Cigarettes

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Tuesday, March 29, 2011

Higher Discount Cigarettes Use

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Despite a wealth of knowledge about the dangers of smoking, the LGBT community is puffing away at a higher rate than other segments of the American society.

Despite vigorous campaigns against tobacco use, smoking discount cigarettes continues to appeal to youths and the cycle of addiction, illness and death continues in the U.S.

The American Lung Association (ALA) estimates that more than 392,000 Americans die annually from tobacco-caused disease and that another 50,000 people die from exposure to secondhand smoke discount cigarettes. Just how many LGBT people die of tobacco-caused disease is not known.

The ALA recently released its latest health disparity report, Smoking Disocunt Cigarettes Out a Deadly Threat: Tobacco Use in the LGBT Community, which examines the trend of higher tobacco use among the LGBT community.

The report speculates that lack of data-collection information on sexual orientation and gender identity in most state and national health surveys means trends within the LGBT community can go unnoticed.

Yet, the ALA's current data indicates that the LGBT population smokes discount cigarettes at a higher rate than their heterosexual peers. Key facts regarding this disparity include:

• Gay, bisexual and transgender men are 2 to 2.5 times more likely to smoke discount cigarettes than heterosexual men;

• Lesbian, bisexual and transgender women are 1.5 to 2 times more likely to smoke discount cigarettes than heterosexual women;

• Bisexual boys and girls have some of the highest smoking discount cigarettes rates when compared with both their heterosexual and homosexual peers.

Due to lack of data in health surveys, the ALA was only able to break down smoking discount cigarettes prevalence in adults across six states, three of which lumped gays and lesbians into one category, and bisexuals into another.

One of those states was California, where it is estimated that 30.9 percent of bisexual women and 22.3 percent of lesbians smoke discount cigarettes, in comparison to 11.5 percent of straight women. Men smoked discount cigarettes at higher rates almost across the board; 29.5 percent of bisexual men and 26.5 admitted to smoking discount cigarettes compared to 19 percent of straight men.

"The American Lung Association issued [the report] to raise awareness of this health disparity and address the need for additional research specific to the LGBT community and tobacco use," said Charles D. Connor, ALA president and CEO.

"Like other groups disproportionately affected by tobacco use, including African-Americans and Native Americans," Connor said. "The LGBT population needs targeted efforts to reduce smoking discount cigarettes rates, which will ultimately save lives."

The ALA's compilation of research found a number of contributing factors to the LGBT smoking discount cigarettes rate disparity including:

# Stress and discrimination related to homophobia;

# The tobacco industry's targeted marketing to LGBT customers;

# Lack of access to culturally appropriate tobacco treatment programs;

The report notes that depression, social influence and cultural factors all contribute to smoking discount cigarettes prevalence in all population groups. However, the social environment in which LGBT individuals come out to themselves, their families and the community can have a significant impact on their health and well-being.

Although social acceptance has been slowly improving, there is still a lot of stigma associated with being in a sexual minority.

"I think tobacco products are heavily promoted in the bar/club scene. The same is true in the straight community but I think the difference is more people in the LGBT community rely on the bar/club scene to be social," said Zeb, a 27-year-old man and survey participant from Washington, D.C.

The report attributes Zeb's remarks about the bar cultural scene to the fact that historically bars and clubs have been among the few safe spots for LGBT people. Young people especially feel the need to be socially accepted by smoking discount cigarettes in a group.

Though many states, California included, are taking steps to ban smoking discount cigarettes from indoor facilities, that is exactly what local San Diegan Paul Walker dislikes the most about smoking discount cigarettes bans.

"I don't like the fact that you can NOT smoke discount cigarettes in bars anymore," Walker said. "Smoking discount cigarettes and drinking in a bar was a good thing because it put two good vices together. When I could smoke discount cigarettes in a bar, I smoked discount cigarettes less when I was walking around outside."

Walker, 36, said he has been smoking discount cigarettes for 21 years. He smokes discount cigarettes five to six discount cigarettes a day. And, like many smokers, he has trouble quitting.

"I have tried to quit like 12 times within the 20-plus years I have been smoking discount cigarettes," Walker said. "The last time I tried to quit, I was still enlisted in the Navy, and my Chief Petty Officer knew that I was trying to quit and saw that I was getting aggravated too often. So one day he bought me a pack of discount cigarettes and said 'Smoke discount cigarettes before you kill someone.' "

LGBT people and tobacco advertising

The report claims the tobacco industry was one of the first to develop marketing materials specifically targeting the LGBT community, and has over time reaped the financial benefits of paying attention to a group of people largely ignored by mainstream advertisers.

The ALA points to the most infamous example: Project SCUM.

SCUM stands for "subculture urban marketing" and in the mid-1990s the campaign was specifically aimed at gay men in San Francisco's Castro District and homeless people in the Tenderloin.

Documents related to Project SCUM were released during the state of California's litigation with the tobacco industry and through them, it became very clear the degree to which the tobacco industry has held its LGBT customers in contempt.

Susan, a 52-year-old survey participant from San Francisco, recalled the influence of discount cigarette advertising in her life.

"They advertise for discount cigarettes the same way they advertise for alcohol, and really make it look alluring," Susan said. "And back in my 20s, those things worked! Even though everything about that community was frowned upon, they had a way of grabbing that community with their ads. The whole idea of being 'the cool dyke in the bars' really impacted me, because, of course, I wanted to be cool."

"There are people making millions of dollars, hoping I would continue to smoke discount cigarettes whether it would kill me or not, and I find that horrific. It's just criminal," she said.

Tobacco advertising had been widespread in publications aimed at LGBT audiences and remains common today.

Accessible programs for LGBT people

With the release of the report, the ALA is calling on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and all state Departments of Health to include sexual orientation and gender identity questions in public health surveys. They also want state and local tobacco control programs to ensure prevention and cessation programs, materials and staff are culturally competent and inclusive of the LGBT community.

Additionally, the ALA encourages LGBT advocacy organizations to advocate for policies to promote tobacco prevention and cessation programs, and identify alternative funding sources to tobacco industry sponsorship.

Many organizations nationwide offer help through hotlines or online services, as well as local and state programs working directly with smokers to make a difference. If you have noticed any of the following symptoms, it is time you consider quitting.

What is in discount cigarette smoke?

The main ingredient is nicotine, which is a colorless, poisonous substance also used to kill insects; and it is highly addictive.

Another ingredient is tar, the harmful blackish residue from discount cigarettes smoke. In total, there are over 4,000 toxins in discount cigarettes.

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Sunday, March 27, 2011

More Tax = Less Smoking

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DAR-ES-SALAAM - Taxation is the most powerful weapon governments have at their disposal to control cheap cigarettes consumption and ultimately decrease deaths, Dr Yussuf Saloojee of the National Council Against Smoking told the African Organisation for Research & Training in Cancer (AORTIC) conference.

South Africa showed decreases in tobacco consumption, but this was now leveling off as government ceases to drastically increase taxation on tobacco for fear of creating a market for illegal smuggling, something which Saloojee said was unfounded.

Saloojee presented evidence which showed that as the price of discount cigarettes goes up, consumption goes down.

Science has proven that at least 15 cancers are more commonly found in smokers. Currently there are around 1,3-billion smokers in the world with one out of every 10 deaths worldwide linked to tobacco-related illness.

Lekau Ayo-Yusuf of the University of Pretoria also presented evidence that the use of non-cigarette products such as snus was increasing with big tobacco companies Philip Morris and Swedish Match selling these products in Africa. Snus is a moist powder tobacco product that is consumed by placing it under the lip for extended periods of time.

Use of snus is more common in Africa compared to the rest of the world with Sudan estimated to have about six million users. The locally produced versions have been found to contain very high level of carcinogens and nicotine. Research was also showing that youngsters who start using snus often move to cigarettes.

Patricia Lambert of The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids said the equation was simple: "If we do what we know works we save lives and save governments money. It's as simple as that."

She presented evidence showing that while most African countries had ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), many governments had to start using it to change their laws and control tobacco.

The FCTC is the first treaty negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organisation and was developed in response to the globalisation of the tobacco epidemic.

"We need to hold governments accountable to deliver on the ratification of the FCTC," she said.

Rachel Kitanyo, a lawyer with the African Tobacco Control Alliance said there was no doubt that tobacco companies were targeting Africa. "In Africa they have a market and there is less regulation," she warned.

The core demand reduction provisions in the WHO FCTC are contained in articles 6-14:

d tax measures to reduce the demand for tobacco, and

Non-price measures to reduce the demand for tobacco, namely:

* Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke;

* Regulation of the contents of tobacco products;

* Regulation of tobacco product disclosures;

* Packaging and labelling of tobacco products;

* Education, communication, training and public awareness;

* Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; and,

* Demand reduction measures concerning tobacco dependence and cessation.

The core supply reduction provisions in the WHO FCTC are contained in articles 15-17:

* Illicit trade in tobacco products;

* Sales to and by minors; and,

* Provision of support for economically viable alternative activities.

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Saturday, March 26, 2011

Tobacco Tax Veto Criticized

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Public health advocates accuse Yushchenko of doing cigarettes industry's bidding.

Ukrainian President Victor Yushchenko, citing concern for the tobacco industry and fears of cigarette smuggling, on Nov. 11 vetoed legislation that would have hiked the excise tax on tobacco products by 36 percent.

Public health advocates called a news conference on Nov. 12 to criticize Yushchenko and note that price increases are the most effective way to reduce smoking. Roughly a third of Ukraine's adults smoke, one of the highest rates in the world.

Tobacco-related illnesses prematurely kill some 300 Ukrainians daily, said former Health Minister Mykola Polischuk. "The president's veto contradicts his mottos about European integration," Polishchuk said. "Today all Europe is fighting for air uncontaminated with tobacco smoke."

In 2009, previously approved increases on cigarette excise taxes Ukraine are expected to raise Hr 9 billion for the year, compared to Hr 2.7 billion in 2008.

"With the new law adopted, Ukraine's budget was expected to receive Hr 15 billion in 2010 [from tobacco taxes]," said Oleh Lyashko, a member of parliament with the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko. "The president signs the law on increasing social standards [including minimum wages], which requires an additional Hr 70 million next year. Yet he vetoes the law that can bring an extra Hr 6 billion."

Serhiy Gonchar, an anti-tobacco activist from Cherkasy said: "There is no logical explanation to why the president has imposed the veto. Fifty public organizations are united in asking the president to change his position."

The Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko suspects that Yushchenko is getting support from the tobacco companies. "The president's arguments against the bill are almost identical to those of tobacco companies," Lyashko said. "He was the only person in Ukraine who heard their call."

In contrast to the president's fears that cigarettes will be smuggled into Ukraine if taxes are hiked, the flow of cheap contraband buy cigarettes goes the other way from Ukraine, where cigarettes prices are the lowest in Europe, to other nations. The national customs service reported no cases of imported tobacco contraband in the last year, while 1, 700 cases -- involving 2.1 million packs - of export contraband were registered.

In fact, Ukraine with its cigarette factories pumping out billions of more cheap smokesa year than are smoked domestically is a prime source of cheap online cigarettes smuggled abroad.

Yushchenko's veto is seen as a turnabout in his position of only two years ago, when at a national health conference in Kyiv the president announced support for an anti-tobacco agenda. Higher taxes are the most effective way to curb smoking. "It's the only way to discipline Ukrainians, to make some adults quit and to prevent young kids from ever starting to smoke," Polishchuk said.

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Friday, March 25, 2011

Roll Your Own Smokes Popular But No Safer, Research Finds

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The number of cigarettes smokers currently in Thailand has reached 14.3 million, the latest Global Adult Tobacco Survey revealed yesterday.

Meanwhile, the Public Health Ministry is considering a proposal to the Finance Ministry to increase the tax level on hand-rolled cigarette products after finding over 7.4 million people smoke this style of cigarette. The remainder smoke manufactured cigarettes.

The Global Adult Tobacco Survey is a national household survey launched in February 2007.

Sixteen countries, home to more than half the world's smokers and bearing the highest tobacco use, were involved in the study: Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Russian Federation, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay and Vietnam.

Thailand was the first country to complete and release its survey - conducted this year as a household poll of persons 15 and older by the Ministry of Public Health, Mahidol University and the National Statistical Office.

Lakkhana Termsirikulchai, who led a survey team, said it found that of the 14.3 million people who smoked tobacco, 7.9 million chose manufactured cigarettes and the other half - 7.4 million - were hand-rolled cigarette smokers.

Only six out of every 10 smokers said they planned or are thinking about quitting, while five in 10 smokers had tried to quit in the last 12 months.

The survey found that 3.3 million workers are exposed to tobacco smoke at the workplace and 20.5 million adults to tobacco smoke in their homes.

The survey found that 74.4 per cent of adults noticed anti-cigarette smoking information on television. Only one in 10 adults were aware of cigarette marketing in stores where cheap smokesare sold; seven in 10 smokers considered quitting because of warning labels; and 98.6 per cent of adults believed smoking causes serious illness.

Action Smoking and Health Foundation's secretary-general, Dr Prakit Watheesathokkij has expressed concern over the consumption of hand-rolled cigarettes as most people mistakenly believe smoking them is less dangerous than manufactured cigarettes.

He said hand-rolled discount cigarettes also cause serious illness for smokers such as oral cancer and cancer of the oesophagus. In India, he added, about 100,000 died from smoking hand-rolled discount cigarettes each year.

He said most cigarette manufacturers are now producing more smokeless cigarettes after noting an increasing trend in smokeless tobacco use among teenagers worldwide.

To reduce the number of hand-rolled cigarette smokers, Prakit has asked the government to increase the tax level on hand-rolled cigarette products and collect tax excise to 70 per cent of product price from the current rate.

Deputy Minister of Public Health Manit Nopamornbodee said he will consult with the Finance Ministry about increasing the tax level on hand-rolled cigarette products and ya nat - traditional medicine that contains hand-rolled cigarette products.

"I will bring this issue to consultation with the Finance Ministry before implementing the regulation," Deputy Minister Manit Nopamornbodee said.

"We have to study its impact carefully on whether an increased tax level would reduce the amount of hand- rolled tobacco smokers or not," he added.

He also instructed the Department of Development of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine of Public Health and the Department of Medical Science to conduct research into medicinal plants that help smokers to quit.

Meanwhile, Thai Network Against Tabinfo Asia 2009, led by Dr Hatai Chitanont, has submitted an open letter to Deputy Finance Minister,Prasit Pattaraprasit asking him to withdraw from the tobacco industry event he is due to open on Wednesday at Impact Arena Moung Thontani Exhibition Centre.

"Pradit must think carefully whether to participate, talking about a product that kills millions every year," he said. "Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva has told Cabinet he will not allow government officials to be involved in the event."

He added that any government support for an event organised by the tobacco industry would be a violation by the Thai government of the UN's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

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Thursday, March 24, 2011

A Nicotine Patch To Help Your Wounds Heal Faster And How Almonds Can Cut Cholesterol Levels

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Health stories from around the world this week include a German study that found nicotine patches used just four weeks before surgery can help wounds heal faster. Also, patients who ate a handful of almonds every day reduced their bad cholesterol by more than 30 per cent.

Nicotine patches could help to speed up recovery after surgery.

New research shows smokers who use patches to help them quit just a few weeks before a scheduled operation are half as likely to have problems with wounds healing.

Smoking is known to be a risk factor for a poor rate of recovery after surgery.

Toxins in cigarette smoke reduce the amount of oxygen that circulates in the blood.

Healing wounds need a constant supply of oxygen-rich blood to produce healthy new tissue and reduce scarring after an operation. Failure to heal properly is one of the most common complications after surgery.

The German study shows starting nicotine patches just four weeks in advance can have a major impact.

Researchers found only 14 per cent of smokers who used either patches or chewing gum suffered problems with wound healing.

Among those who did not, the complication rate was 28 per cent.

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Wednesday, March 23, 2011

Blawnox High-Rise Fire Caused By Smoking

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Investigators say a fire in Blawnox that forced dozens of elderly residents of a high-rise to evacuate was caused by smoking.

Officials say a resident fell asleep while smoking a cigarette in a fifth-floor apartment.

Two years ago, a fire started in the same building because a tenant threw a cigarette in a wastebasket.

The Allegheny County Housing Authority is considering changing its policy.

"What we're going to do is send a survey out to the residents of the Allegheny County Housing Authority, as well as - we have a resident advisory board as well as meet with them," Frank Aggazio, executive director of the housing authority, said. "And have a serious discussion with our board of directors."

Aggazio says he spoke with evacuated residents at Hoboken Presbyterian Church.

"And I talked to smokers and non-smokers alike and it was very unanimous that they wish that we could ban smoking in the units," he said.

The building has 90 units 64 units are ready for residents to live in again. The fire caused more than $1 million in damages.

It could take up to three weeks before the fifth floor is restored.

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